Nations need capital to pay their workers, buy equipment and purchase the land to increase productivity. For decades, the World Bank, which was formed in July 1944, has been “Working for a World Free of Poverty.” Does investment banker Martin Lustgarten believe the BRICS Bank and AII Bank will be competitors with the World Bank?
Developing countries have turned to the World Bank to fund the building of their roads, airports and hospitals. There are 189 countries, who are members of the World Bank. While the Marshall Plan was used to rebuild Europe, the World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) was used to fund other nations, around the world.Gradually, the loan amounts were increased and shifted from primarily infrastructure to social services in the 1980s. The goal of poverty alleviation did lead to higher levels of Third World Debt, which became a problem when nations couldn’t repay their loans. In the 1990s, environmental groups also received loans.
Over the years, some nations have criticized the World Bank for increasing the debt of developing nations. How can a nation escape poverty, if it has high debt? The BRICS Bank was formed by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa to offer a funding alternative.By pooling their funds, these nations have been working to create a mechanism for other developing nations to rise, without following the Anglo-Saxon model. The diversity of the regions, represented by the BRICS, is a strong feature of this organization. Some deem the World Bank to be too focused on achieving European-American agendas.
The Asian Investment Infrastructure Bank (AIIB) has also arisen as a capital source for important infrastructure improvements. The AIIB began official operations in 16 January 2016. There are 57 AIIB members with China being the primary shareholder; there are Vice Presidents from England, France, Germany, India and Indonesia.It is wonderful that developing nations have more options for loans. This might help them improve their infrastructure, without forcing them to incur overwhelming debt. Investment banker Martin Lustgarten sees this “perfect competition” as healthy for the capital markets.